The Pier ‘D’ fire of July 27, 1938
The Pier ‘D’ fire of July 27, 1938 was the
largest and most famous of Vancouver’s
many large waterfront fires

Chronology Continued

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You'll note that this year includes events listed under "Also in . . ." These are events for which we don't have a specific date. If YOU know the
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January 5 Railway executive and former alderman William Ferriman Salsbury died in Victoria. Salsbury came to Canada from Surrey, England in 1870. He was a manager of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada until 1881, when he joined the CPR. He arrived locally on July 4, 1886, aboard the first train to Port Moody. He was, for 35 years (1886-1921) treasurer of the CPR’s Pacific Division. A prominent Vancouver figure, he served as alderman for Ward 1 (1893-94). Salsbury was an advocate and a charter board member of Vancouver General Hospital (1901). A street in Vancouver is named for him.

January 7 Fogs were more frequent and thicker in Vancouver in the 1930s and '40s. The Province printed a cartoon today depicting a lady lost in dense Vancouver fog. The lady: (peering at a dim figure) “Is this Yew?” A gentleman: “Your guess is as good as mine, lady, but I think it's me — how about yourself?”

January 12 Annie Charlotte Dalton, poet, died in Vancouver, aged 72. She was born December 9, 1865 in Birkby, Huddersfield, Eng. She arrived in B.C. in 1904 from Huddersfield with her husband, Willie Dalton. The Dalton home became a meeting place for writers and readers. She was president of the Vancouver Poetry Club. Left partially deaf by a childhood illness, Annie Dalton was known as "The Poet Laureate of the Deaf" for her work on their behalf. She was made a Member, Order of the British Empire, in 1935, the only woman poet honored at the time. Her books include The Marriage of Music; Flame and Adventure and Lilies and Leopards.

January 28 Broadcaster Bill Phillips was born. See this site.

February 12 Businessman Nelson Skalbania was born.

February 19 A mysterious big bang was heard in Vancouver. It woke thousands of people, yet no cause was ever found.

March 10 Carlisle Street (near Renfrew and Hastings) was named for retired fire chief J.H. Carlisle. Says fire department historian Alex Matches: “It is one of very few streets in the city which has no addresses, only the backs of buildings on adjacent streets.”

April 17 The demolition of the English Bay pier was completed.

April 18 St. James Anglican Church at Gore and Cordova was consecrated. It was the Sunday after Easter.

May 2 Vancouver greeted the returning Dominion Basketball champions.

May 12 Juvenile court judge Helen Gregory MacGill, the first woman judge in B.C., became the first woman to receive an honorary LL.D from UBC.

June 12 Bob (Robert Errol) Bouchette, Sun columnist, died. He wrote the column Lend me your ears. Bouchette harangued the 1930s establishment to do more about poverty, joblessness and relief camps. “The champion of the underdog . . . a shining knight out of time in the harsh world of the Depression.” A victim of his own depression, he drowned himself off Second Beach.

June 19 It came to be called “Bloody Sunday.” Vancouver police evicted unemployed men from the Post Office (now Sinclair Centre). The building had been occupied for six weeks by 700 unemployed workers, led by Steve Brodie, demanding federal relief. Rioting by more than 5,000 demonstrators caused considerable damage. Eventually, the invaders were ousted by police with clubs and tear gas; 39 people were injured and 22 arrested. Protesting B.C.'s decision to stop relief payments, groups of unemployed men also occupied the Art Gallery and Hotel Georgia.

July 1 The 1st Avenue Viaduct opened to traffic.

July 21 Frederick Buscombe, former mayor, died, aged 75. He was born September 2, 1862 in Bodmin, England. “A glassware merchant,” Donna Jean McKinnon writes, “Buscombe was a resident of the working class neighborhood of Mount Pleasant. It was a time when neighborhood as well as downtown commercial development in the city was flourishing. The expansion of streetcar lines to outlying communities allowed working class families to own homes while working downtown. Low water pressure in neighborhoods on the south slopes of False Creek was a hot topic on the campaign trail in these years and Buscombe left his mark on the city by fostering the development of The Greater Vancouver Water Board. As the construction boom escalated, white-skinned workers were in short supply, and resentment of Asian workers led to ugly incidents of racism. During Buscombe's second term as mayor, council passed a motion asking the federal government to suspend the immigration of East Indians into Canada.”

July 27 Alex Matches, the appropriately named historian of the Vancouver Fire Department, has written an account of the largest and most famous of Vancouver’s many large waterfront fires, the Pier ‘D’ fire of July 27, 1938. Here, with Alex’s permission, is his account of that event:

The first alarm came in at 1:46 p.m. for a fire at the northeast corner of the harbour end of the pier. When the first-in companies arrived it appeared obvious that the pier was doomed, but hose lines were laid and an offensive attack was taken, but not for long.

CPR engines working the area removed many boxcars so firemen could have better access. One engine was seen removing 12 boxcars along the tracks that ran inside the pier. By the time it got clear, the last two boxcars were on fire.

At 1:50 p.m. the SS Princess Charlotte, preparing for an Alaskan cruise, was backed away from the pier and escaped certain destruction.

A second alarm was put in at 1:53, followed by a third at 1:56. Four minutes later more than half of the pier was involved and a fourth alarm was called at 2:02 p.m. At this time, four firemen on hose lines who were fighting the fire from the wharf deck were forced by the intense heat to jump into the harbour to save their lives. They were pulled from the water by a tugboat crew. One of these men was Ralph Jacks, who would later become the department’s ninth fire chief . . .

At 2:14 the fireboat J.H. Carlisle was ordered to respond to the fire from False Creek. She would arrive on the scene at 2:57.

By 2:20 p.m. the last of the many employees attempting to save papers and records were forced from the building as most of the pier was now ablaze. Firemen and apparatus were being forced to move to safety because the fire had now ignited the viaduct leading to the pier . . .

When No. 12 Hose Wagon, which had responded on the third alarm, arrived on scene the crew was instructed by the chief’s driver . . . to lay hose lines up to the front door of the pier. The lines were laid and soon operating, but it was a fruitless effort as the fire was now destroying the front of the building. The heat and smoke forced the fire fighters to abandon their lines, then, as if it was an act of defiance, the fire allowed the smoke to clear for a moment around the big PIER D sign and façade. The front of the building then came crashing down, burying No. 12's hose wagon, the old 1913 American-LaFrance, under tons of debris.

The driver of the rig, Fireman George Black, was one day short of 10 years service on the VFD that day. Nobody kidded the big ex-coal miner when he lost his rig, at least not to his face, as firemen are wont to do to each other . . .

The fire was ‘struck out’ at 4:52 p.m., but for the next four days crews were on the scene overhauling the site to ensure there was no rekindle . . .

In 1978, one of the nozzles lost in the fire that day was recovered during dredging operations. Resting on a mass of melted brass it was still in the ‘open’ position, showing that whoever was using it had had to drop it and run.”

July 29 QUEEN ANNE SETS OUT TO SEA. That was the headline on a Province report on Annabelle Mundigel, “a frequent participant in the Polar Bear swim,” who made the paper’s Page One with a bold venture: to swim from Vancouver to Snug Cove, Bowen Island. The 19-year-old Annabelle was “clad in black trunks and a light woollen, apple-green singlet, well greased, with ears plugged . . . and slipped off the boat-house float at English Bay at nine in the morning.” She was not alone on the 17-mile (27-kilometre) swim: her brother Jack, armed with a chart especially prepared for him by the Union Steamship Company, guided her to the best currents, and her parents were in another boat. The time of the swim: 7 hours, 15 minutes. Her nourishment: one chocolate bar. What that 1938 story didn’t reveal, and what Ann Mundigel (who became Mrs. Ann Meraw of Maple Ridge) told us a few years ago, was that a few metres off shore she tugged off her swimsuit, handed it to her mother in the escorting rowboat, and did the rest of the 38-kilometre swim clad only in lard. Just outside Snug Cove, she struggled back into the swimsuit and was met by a small, but cheering, crowd.

August 6 Broadcaster and politician Jim Nielsen was born.

August 17 A restaurant called C. K. Chop Suey at 123B East Pender in Vancouver was in the news for defying a civic licence cancellation order issued two days earlier. The reason for the cancellation: The restaurant employed two white waitresses. The owner, Charlie Ting, told officials the waitresses were employed in the cafe when he took it over in May and he wasn’t aware of an agreement between the city’s mayor, George Miller, and Chinatown restaurants not to employ white help.

August 19 The Ballet Russe sailed from London today bound for Australia and, the Province reported, with the troupe went Alexandra Denisova, “one of the youngest, yet one of the most talented of the famous dancers.” The local angle was that the 15-year-old Denisova was, in truth, a Vancouver girl named Pat Meyers. Because world opinion at the time was that the best dancers came from Russia, it was a tradition to give the ballerinas Russian names. Young Pat, who lived in Dunbar, “practiced dancing for eight hours each day." In the past four months she had danced in several European capitals, to great acclaim. "Her greatest success has come through her performances of the role of the spinning top in the new modern ballet, Jeux d’Enfants.” Like many local dancers, Meyers (and her 16-year-old sailing mate Rosemary Deveson—a.k.a. Natasha Sobinova) was a student of Vancouver teacher June Roper, and was among the first of more than 60 dancers that Roper would send from Vancouver to international ballet companies and to Hollywood.

August 21 Frank Burd, president of the Province, was named a Good Citizen.

Also August 21 The Province published a letter to the editor from one signed Waterfront: “Sir: Why is there all this fuss and trouble about the garbage dump on False Creek Flats? I fail to see how anyone can approve discharge of refuse in the heart of the city, even if it is in an industrial area. There are thousands of people living close to the flats and this ill-smelling property is at their very back doors. Why does Vancouver fail to follow the example of many large eastern cities which tow their garbage out to sea and dump it? . . . Let’s see if our garbage can’t be dumped far out in the Gulf of Georgia. That’s where it belongs.”

August 30 A monument to the 29th Battalion is unveiled at Hastings Park.

September 3 New Brunswick-born Roy W. Brown, about 58, was appointed the editorial director and vice president of the Vancouver Sun. He had been editor of the Province. (At 11, Brown had been the youngest pupil ever to enrol in Vancouver High School.)

September 24 Railway builder and World War One general John William Stewart died in Vancouver. Born in 1862 in Sutherlandshire, Scotland, Stewart arrived in Canada in 1882. He was a partner in Foley, Welch and Stewart, the largest North American railway contracting firm. They built much of the Grand Trunk Pacific line, began the Pacific Great Eastern and parts of the CNR. In World War I, General Stewart commanded 13 battalions, organized railway troops and built railways in France. “Shy and retiring . . . nevertheless one of the most powerful and wealthy men in B.C.”

October 1 Air Travel Week began, proclaimed to mark the establishment of Vancouver-to-Winnipeg airmail service by Trans-Canada Airlines.

October 14 Capt. Charles Henry Cates died, aged 78. He was born December 15, 1859 in Machias, Maine. He was an older brother (by two years) of George Emery Cates. Charles hauled stone from Gibson and Squamish quarries to help rebuild Vancouver after the Great Fire of June 13, 1886. He built the first wharf on the North Shore. In 1913, he formed C.H. Cates Towing, later Charles H. Cates & Son (1921), one of the oldest and largest towage and “lightering” firms on Burrard Inlet.

October 17 Lily Alice Lefevre, poet, hostess and philanthropist, died in Vancouver, aged 85. She was born April 5, 1853 in Kingston, Ont. “As a girl,” Constance Brissenden writes, “she won a medal for the best descriptive poem of a Montreal carnival. She wrote many of her ‘loveliest verses’ about Vancouver. She organized the first IODE (Imperial Order of Daughters of the Empire) chapter in Vancouver on the occasion of Edward VII's coronation, August 9, 1902. She was a founder of the Vancouver Art Gallery and an active member of the Canadian Authors' Association. The Lefevre's home, Langaravine (6101 N.W. Marine Drive), was a social centre for more than 50 years. In 1934 she presented a $5,000 scholarship and a gold medal to UBC in her husband's memory. Her books include The Lions' Gate (originally published in 1895, and republished in 1936 to celebrate Vancouver's jubilee) and A Garden by the Sea.”

October 22 Mart Kenney and his Western Gentlemen instructed dancers at the Hotel Vancouver in a new dance craze, the Lambeth Walk.

Also October 22 The Point Grey Chrysanthemum Society declared it wanted to be “mum” capital of the world.

November 12 At 8:50 a.m. the Lions Gate Bridge was opened to pedestrian traffic. The first “civilian” to cross the bridge appears to have been one R.F. Hearns of Caulfeild in West Vancouver. Hearns, called a “bespectacled but sprightly” retiree by the Province, wasn't supposed to get on to the bridge until the official opening time of 9 a.m., but a soft-hearted gateman heeded his plea that there was snow on the ground and it was awfully cold, and let him pass. Hearns held ticket No. 2, cost five cents. Ticket No. 1 was possessed by 75-year-old Mary Sutton, who had risen at 6 a.m. and walked to the bridge through the snow from her home at 1665 West 7th. “When I was halfway across Granville bridge,” she told Province reporter Stuart Keate, “a young fellow came along and gave me a lift. I arrived at the Lions Gate at a quarter to eight.” She didn't set out to walk across the bridge until exactly 9, so, after solemn deliberation we have to give the palm to Mr. Hearns. (He told Keate he had also bought the first B.C. Electric ticket on the interurban railway out to Burnaby Lake.)

The two pioneers likely nodded to each other as they passed, Ms. Sutton walking north, Mr. Hearns walking south.

Some 6,950 pedestrians crossed the bridge on the weekend before cars were allowed over.

Negotiations to build this beautiful span had gone on for 10 years. A lot of people hated the idea of a busy road through the heart of Stanley Park, but it was the Depression and the bridge was just too powerful an economic idea to quash. Vancouver engineer W.G. Swan played a significant role in the design and construction of the bridge, as he had done with the Pattullo in 1937. Bridge historian Robert Harris writes: “First Narrows is formed by the delta gravels of Capilano River spreading towards Prospect Point in Stanley Park. The point makes a good high south end to the bridge, but the low flat delta land to the north required the extensive North Viaduct.” The north end, by the way, crosses above Capilano Indian Reserve No. 5.

The bridge cost the Guinness brewing interests about $6 million to build, an investment they thought worth the price because it would spur development of their British Properties lands on the North Shore. When the bridge opened, there were just two lanes. It wasn't long before that was changed to three, with the middle lane reserved for passing. In 1963 the W.A.C. Bennett government bought the bridge for $6 million and soon removed the tolls that had been imposed from the beginning. Overhead lane-control signals enabled traffic in the centre lane to be reversed at will.

The first “civilian” to drive over the bridge — it was November 14, 1938 — was, again, a North Shore resident. He was C.H. Chamberlain of Lower Capilano, who got to the toll gate on the north side at 4 a.m. “Bound to be the first to cross, you know,” he said. The bridge brought an immediate boost to the fortunes of the North Shore.

It was officially opened May 26, 1939 by Their Majesties, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

Today, more than 52,000 vehicles cross the bridge on a typical weekday.

November 13 A BBC broadcasting official who happened to be in Toronto heard the Vancouver-based Mart Kenney orchestra there, and liked it so much he arranged to have it heard on a world-wide broadcast. NBC's Blue Network would also feature the program, to be heard the next day. “Kenney will play a special programme of English and Canadian songs, featuring the work of Noel Coward, Ray Noble and other English composers.”

November 14 Members of the Vancouver Board of Trade were taken on an inspection tour of the soon-to-open brand-new Hotel Vancouver (the present one).

November 17 Singer-composer Gordon Lightfoot was born.

November 23 Vancouver city council lost its bid to change the city charter. They wanted to limit Oriental business licences.

December 9 The BC Legislature voted to encourage the federal government to pass the Oriental Exclusion Act.

December 15 “Vancouver's smart set,” the Province reported, “will ‘go underground’ this evening, when to the strains of Earl Hill's orchestra, the Cave Cabaret opens in Vancouver at 9 o'clock. Opening night visitors will step into a realistic replica of a cavern, complete with stalactites, subdued lighting and pirate treasure. They will dance on a gleaming floor constructed to the most scientific methods. . . .” The Cave was the spot for Vancouver night life for many years, and the constant haunt of the Sun's self-described “saloon columnist,” Jack Wasserman. The club's story is told in the book Remember the Cave: 1937 to 1981, by Claire Hurley.

December 17 Henry Torkington “Harry” Devine, photographer, died in Vancouver, aged 73. He was born July 28, 1865 in Manchester, Eng. His father, John Devine, was Vancouver’s first city auditor. Harry started his career in photography in Brandon, Man., in 1884 in partnership with J.A. Brock. He moved to Vancouver in 1886. After the Great Fire of June 13, he photographed the first city council and first police department in front of a tent. His partnership with Brock ended in 1887. He worked again as a photographer from 1895 to 1897, then went into other work.

December 30 The Province's music critic, R.J. (Rhynd Jamieson), an acknowledged hater of "swing" music, agreed to take part in a mock trial of the genre on CBC Radio's National Forum. The radio audience was to be the jury. R.J. was the prosecutor, while appearing for the defence were Graham MacInnes, art critic of Toronto Saturday Night, and CBC conductor Percy Faith. Swing, said R.J., was “a menace to real musical development in its true sense.” Take that, Tommy Dorsey!

Also in 1938

Coquitlam opened its first high school. Students no longer had to travel to New Westminster.

William F. Davidson began his teaching career in Surrey. After Second World War service in the RCAF he became a principal, supervisor, and then Director of Instruction. He retired in 1976. An elementary school in Surrey is named for him.

The population of New Westminster was about 20,000.

Brothers-in-law John G. Prentice and L.L.G. “Poldi” Bentley, mere months after arriving in Vancouver from Austria, formed a furniture and paneling veneer company called Pacific Veneer. They built a small mill, which employed 28 people, on the Fraser River in New Westminster. By 1939 they will be employing 1,000 workers. Today the firm is known as Canfor, which in 2004 had 8,410 employees and revenues of $4.3 billion. There is a good history here.

W.A. Akhurst established Akhurst Machinery in Vancouver. “What started as a family-run enterprise,” says the company’s website, “operating from a one-room office in Vancouver, has steadily grown over the years.” Headquartered in Delta today, the company employs about 80 people, and sells and services machinery in the woodworking and metalworking industries.

The Teahouse at Ferguson Point in Stanley Park was built as an officers’ mess for a military defense garrison at Ferguson Point. Military historian Peter Moogk writes: “Canadian resources during the Great Depression permitted only a beginning in 1938 on the Ferguson Point Battery in Stanley Park, which was to cover detained vessels anchored in English Bay and to provide close-in defence. A three-gun counter-bombardment battery was to be located on Point Grey and close-defence guns were to cover the First Narrows, where a boom with net was to act as the harbor's gate. Aircraft patrols would provide an early warning of attack. Ten searchlights along the shoreline would furnish night-time illumination of the maritime approaches. The local Field Brigade, Royal Canadian Artillery, (established in 1920) was converted to a coast artillery regiment to man the guns here and on Yorke Island, at the head of the Inside Passage.”

After the war, the city operated it as a summer teahouse. (In 1978 a young entrepreneur named Brent Davies came along and leased the building from the Parks Board. Today, it’s called the Sequoia Grill, named for a rare sequoia tree that guards the entrance to Ferguson Point.)

The Ford Motor Company built an assembly plant in Burnaby. During World War II it produced military vehicles. It was demolished in 1988 to make way for Station Square.

Shaughnessy’s Angus Street gained the reputation this year of being a lovers’ lane, but city electrician Thomas Martin complained that “Cupid is breaking more street lights than hearts.” Remedies and suggestions ranged from “No Necking” signs to “a street reserved for spooning.”

Another city street made the news this year, and an old one at that: Macdonald Street. It was shown on an 1886 map of the city. But a mini-controversy developed this year over the spelling of the name, with many claiming it should be “McDonald.” The question was soon settled: the street was originally named for Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.

The 1904 bridge at New Westminster, a $1 million doubledeck span, and the first crossing of the lower Fraser River, was sold by the province to Public Works Canada. It is now maintained and operated by CNR. It runs near to and parallel to the Pattullo Bridge.

Thomas Carlyle Hebb, a Professor of Physics at UBC since 1916, retired. The Hebb Building, opened October 24, 1963, is named for him, was built as a teaching addition to the Physics Department. At a cost of $1.4 million, the building houses tutorial rooms, laboratories and the second largest lecture theatre on campus, seating 450 students.

UBC’s Alma Mater Society began a low-power radio station, CITR.

The British Columbia Psychological Association, the oldest such group in Canada, was established. The Association is distinct from the regulatory body (The College of Psychologists of British Columbia). There are more than 400 members.

An anonymous $50,000 donation allowed the BC Cancer Foundation to establish a treatment centre, the British Columbia Cancer Institute, where 288 patients were treated in the first year. The first chairman of the Board of Governors was former mayor W. H. Malkin, who served until 1945. Dr. A. Maxwell Evans was named head of the institute, and stayed for 33 years. (One wonders if the anonymous donor was W.H. Malkin himself, who was a very prosperous grocery wholesaler and jam maker.)

Vancouver's first Neighborhood House grew out of the Alexandra Orphanage in Kitsilano, one of the province's first non-profit societies. Incorporated in 1894, it was the 36th non-profit society in B.C. By the 1930s the orphanage was in decline as the trend was clearly toward foster homes in place of orphanages. In 1938 they closed down the facility to re-open a couple of months later as the Alexandra Neighborhood House.

Runway lights were installed at Vancouver Airport, seven years after it opened.

“The classic water taxi Tymac No. 2,” writes Rob Morris, “was built by Sam Tyson and Alex McKenzie (Tymac Launch Services) and in the 1940s and ’50s ran passengers from the foot of Columbia Street to Britannia Mines and church camps and summer resorts around Howe Sound. The teak (estimated to be 200 years old) used for the boat's doors, windows and trim was from the Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Japan. Fully-restored by Tymac Launch, the Tymac No. 2 has continued to earn her keep carrying 24 passengers as a False Creek ferry in 1984; a Vancouver Harbour tour boat 1986-89; and a tour boat out of Steveston in 1991.”

In the wake of a scandal involving fraudulent assay results from a listed mining company trading at the Vancouver Stock Exchange collapsed to 30 million shares from 120 million the year before. The Second World War will further damage the Exchange.

The provincial government passed the Credit Union Act in the fall of 1938, allowing for the official designation of chartered credit unions throughout B.C.

The Vancouver Art Gallery board refused to buy an Emily Carr picture, priced at $400, because, says art writer Tony Robertson, “it wasn't art as they understood art. They were eventually persuaded it was and paid up.”

Dorothy Somerset founded the UBC Summer School of Theatre.

The CBC Vancouver Orchestra was founded, with John Avison conducting. Today, it’s the largest and best known of Vancouver's chamber ensembles, and the last of the many CBC in-house orchestras that once thrived. The orchestra, now under the direction of Mario Bernardi, annually plays a series of concerts at The Orpheum called The Avison Series, named in honor of its first conductor.

Social leader and Vancouver Symphony Orchestra supporter Mary Rogers wondered aloud why only 100 people in a city of 250,000 contributed to the VSO's financial well-being.

Writer, investigative journalist and teacher (SFU) Donald Gutstein was born. His first book of investigative journalism, Vancouver Ltd., (1975) examined the corporate structure of Vancouver. In The New Landlords (1990) he examined Asian investment in Canadian real estate. See this site.

Writer and teacher W.H. New (William 'Bill' Herbert New) was born in Vancouver. He took over as editor of Canadian Literature in 1977 from George Woodcock, and has written on Woodcock. New has taught English at UBC since 1965. See this site.

Michael Yates, poet, writer and founder of Sono Nis Press was born in Fulton, Missouri. He joined UBC's Creative Writing faculty from 1966 to 1971. "He has written," writes Alan Twigg of BC Bookworld, "many books of highly impenetrable poetry, and prose works such as man in the glass octopus . . . Formerly an SFU Ph.D candidate in Criminology, he worked in the 1980s as a prison guard and wrote a well-received memoir, Line Screw (1993)." See this site.

The B.C. government began a two-year project to develop a park on the Canadian side of the Peace Arch.

Poet Earle Alfred Birney earned a PhD at the University of Toronto. See this site or this one for a look at his interesting life.

High Bluff, Manitoba-born Ira Dilworth, left his job as a popular UBC associate professor of English to direct the Bach Choir. He held that job to 1940, also worked for the CBC, starting this year, and rose to direct the Corporation’s English radio network. See this site.

Albert O. Koch, the “father” of Congregation Beth Israel, who had been the founder and second president (1933 to 1934) was appointed president again this year, and would hold the post until 1951.

The provincial government granted money for road access to the ski areas on Mount Seymour.

The New Haven Borstal School for Young Offenders was established in Vancouver.

Harold Winch, the CCF M.L.A. for Vancouver East, became the leader of the party in B.C.

The Surrey Fairgrounds, which had been at Surrey Centre, moved to Cloverdale. (The Cloverdale Rodeo will begin there in 1945, become professional in 1948.)

1938 Rolls Royce Phantom III
1938 Rolls Royce Phantom III


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A 1938 street scene: the bus depot at Seymour and Dunsmuir.
A 1938 street scene:
the bus depot at Seymour and Dunsmuir











































































































































































































Lions Gate Bridge
Lions Gate Bridge
(Vancouver Public Library Collection, VPL 3036)